An Overview of Heterochromia

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Heterochromia is a disorder that causes you to have two distinct colors of irises. There are some unique variations of the illness. Complete heterochromia (heterochromia iridis) is if one flower is an entirely different color from another. By way of instance, the iris in 1 eye might be brown while another is green. Partial or segmented heterochromia is if a part of a single iris differs in color from the remainder of the same iris, while central heterochromia is if you’ve got a ring in 1 iris that is another color form the rest of the regions of the identical iris.


Heterochromia can also be classified based on the difference in the color of the irises. Hypochromic heterochromia is when the unnatural flower is made of a lighter color than a one, while hyperchromic heterochromia is when the strange flower is darker in color than the standard one. The term heterochromia translates to”different colors” in Greek. Heterochromia is quite rare in people, but it’s rather frequently seen in animals like horses, cats, and dogs. If you are born with it, also it soaks shortly after your arrival, then it is called congenital heterochromia.


Nearly all instances of heterochromia are arbitrary, and therefore, they do not arrive with any sign aside from the otherwise colored irises.


Most people born with heterochromia do not have any other health problems or symptoms; however, in rare circumstances, it is a symptom of some other congenital (present from birth) disease. Some of these diseases are:

Horner’s syndrome: A rare condition that is brought on by damage to the nerves connecting the eye and brain. It usually affects only one side of their face and is distinguished by droopy eyelids and permanently tiny students on that influenced side.

Waardenburg syndrome: A group of hereditary diseases that lead to changes in the color of their eyes, skin, and hair. Additionally, it occasionally results in hearing loss.

Piebaldism: A comparatively benign condition that is characterized by an absence of pigment in skin, eyes, and hair thinning. Individuals with this condition usually have parts of their hair, skin, and eyes, which are lighter than usual.

Sturge Weber syndrome: A state where you can find skin, brain, and eye problems because of the abrupt growth of specific blood vessels. Individuals with this condition typically have a port-wine birthmark–a pinkish/reddish/purplish mark in their faces.

Tuberous sclerosis: also known as Bourneville syndrome: A rare disorder that includes the creation of noncancerous tumors in several different body organs like the brain, heart, skin, kidneys, eyes, and lungs.

Duane syndrome: Also called Duane retraction syndrome, most individuals with this illness have difficulty transferring one or both eyes outward. When Someone develops heterochromia later in life (obtained heterochromia), some of them could be the trigger:

Neuroblastoma: a sort of cancer that begins in the neural cells of the sympathetic nervous system. It affects mostly infants and younger kids.

syndrome: This disorder, affecting mostly older adults, is characterized by inferior, cloudy vision, glare sensitivity, and eye discomfort. It is brought on by the corrosion of the cells from the cornea, whose primary job is to modulate the quantity of fluid at the cornea.

Glaucoma: It is a progressive disorder where fluid accumulates in front of the eye(s) and causes damage to the optic nerve there…
Central retinal vein occlusion: The congestion of the eye’s primary bronchial tract, that causes blood and other fluids to flow into the retina.

Melanoma of the eye: Additionally called ocular cancer, that is cancer, which develops from the eye cells which produce melanin.
There are no risk factors linked with heterochromia, and it’s likewise not an inherited disorder. But, it’s likely to have heterochromia due to inherited diseases like Waardenburg syndrome along with piebaldism.


An ophthalmologist characterizes heterochromia. They’ll analyze your eyes to affirm that there’s heterochromia present. Indications of inherent or causative diseases are also looked out for. If that the ophthalmologist suspects the heterochromia is due to or is a symptom of some other illness, you’ll be known to the specific physician that is trained to deal with such disease for additional diagnosis. Typically, but this isn’t the situation, and another medical difficulty doesn’t accompany the various colored irises.


Typically, there is no need to take care of heterochromia if it is not due to another condition. But if you would like both your eyes to get precisely the identical color, you might choose to use contact lenses. If that your heterochromia is as a consequence of any underlying illness or injury, therapy will probably be centered on said illness or injury.


A Word From Verywell:

In case you’ve got benign heterochromia; in other words, you do not have any symptoms or a medical illness leading to it; there is no requirement for you to be worried. It’s possible to go on living life generally. And if you do not enjoy how it appears, contact lenses are always an option. Custom-made contact lenses may be made to match the specific sort of heterochromia you’ve got. On the flip side, if you notice that your kid’s eyes have shifted color all of a sudden, you need to see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible since it might be an indication of eye damage to another health condition.

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